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a mouse is a small animal with a long tail mouse - the animal(photo by George Shulkin CC BY-SA 1.0, via Wikimedia Commons)

but it is also a device which people use to interact with a computer

a computer mouse with a scroll wheel on the top

mutual aid

the arrangement where people form a group, and the members agree to help each other. Credit unions and building societies are examples of mutual aid societies.

course Cooperative Platforms:




in philosophy, ontology is a part of metaphysics which considers what exists. It may exclude things which are imaginary or which are just a combination of more simple components.

Course - "the idea of redness"



/ˈpɒs.tʃə.leɪt/ (verb) when you put forward an idea or a theory which will be used as a basis for making a bigger or more complicated theory.

Also a noun - a postulate /ˈpɒs.tʃə.lət/ ... an idea or a theory put forward as the start of a longer argument or theory. (note the different pronunciation).

Course - "the idea of redness"



the Rationalist philosophers, such as Descartes, Leibniz and Spinoza, thought that there were some truths such as mathematics and logic which were available to people's thought without any information from their experiences and observations.

Course - "the idea of redness"


speech act

Some philosophers prefer to talk about a "speech act" rather than a statement.  This is because they are paying attention to the purpose of a speaker instead of the question of whether the statement is true or false.

see the course "speech acts" :


in legal English "substantive" means a question that is about how people or organisations must behave. It is different from "procedural" law, which governs how the legal system itself works - how to make laws and use them.

Course - "Lord Leggatt's Commercial Law lecture"



trade union

an organisation for people who work in a particular industry. Together, they can improve their working conditions by negotiating with employers as a single collective.

course: Cooperative platforms -




to "verify" is to prove that something is true or correct. We can talk about different methods of verification, for example, by doing an experiment, or by checking mathematical or logical formulations.

see the course "speech acts:"


(adj.) things that are related to seeing. We talk about "visual aids", things you can show like pictures or diagrams to help people understand what you are saying.

Course CS50 introduction to computer science:

"Scratch is a visual programming environment"

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